Current Affairs of 22 August 2018 following as:-
1. President to inaugurate ‘International Buddhist Conclave 2018’:-
- The President of India Ram Nath Kovind will inaugurate the ‘International Buddhist Conclave (IBC), 2018’ in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on August 23, 2018. The Minister of State (Independent charge), KJ Alphons will preside over the inaugural function.
- The Conclave is being organized by the Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with the State Governments of Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh from August 23-26, 2018 at New Delhi and Ajanta (Maharashtra), followed by site visits to Rajgir, Nalanda and Bodhgaya (Bihar) and Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh).
- During the inaugural session, the Tourism Ministry will launch its website landofbuddha.in and a new film showcasing the Buddhist sites in the country.
2. Ambani's Reliance Jio tops Fortune's 'Change the World' list:-
- Mukesh Ambani-led telecom company Reliance Jio secured the top spot in Fortune's global 'Change the World' list released on August 20.
- American pharma company Merck ranked second while Bank of America ranked third on the list. Chinese group Alibaba is ranked 5th on the list.
3. President Ram Nath Kovind appoints 7 New Governors:-
- President Ram Nath Kovind appointed governors for seven states — Bihar, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Tripura.
- Here is the list of new governors Satya Pal Malik - Jammu & Kashmir (Replaced NN Vohra) Tathagata Roy - Meghalaya (Replaced Ganga Prasad) Lalji Tandon - Bihar (Replaced Satya Pal Malik) Ganga Prasad - Sikkim (Replaced Shriniwas Patil) Kaptan Singh Solanki -Tripura (Replaced Tathagata Roy) Satyadev Narayan Arya - Haryana (Replaced Kaptan Singh Solanki) Baby Rani Maurya - Uttarakhand (Replaced K K Paul).
4. Australia PM loses ministers in leadership battle:-
- At least ten government ministers in Australia have offered to resign following a failed bid to oust Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull as party leader.
- Turnbull narrowly won a party room leadership vote yesterday but is now likely to face a second challenge. He accepted the resignation of his challenger, Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton, and one other minister.
- Turnbull is under pressure because of a long run of poor polling and a divisive energy policy. His center-right coalition will face a general election by May next year, after recently losing a key by-election in Queensland.
5. Iran unveiled its first domestic fighter jet named 'Kowsar':-
- The aircraft is nicknamed 'Kowsar', which in Islam is a river in paradise and also the title of a chapter in the Koran. This defense programme was motivated by repeated threats from Israel and the US.
- Iran celebrates National Defence Industry Day on August 22.
6. Senior Congress leader Gurudas Kamat passes away at 63:-
- Senior Congress leader Gurudas Kamat passed away on August 22, 2018, after a brief illness. He was 63. The former Union minister died at Primus hospital in Delhi, where he was admitted early today.
- Kamat was taken to Primus Hospital in Chanakyapuri around 7 am after he complained of breathlessness, but he died on the way. He is survived by his wife Maharookh and a son, Sunil.
- Congress president Sonia Gandhi visited the hospital and paid her last respects to the departed leader. His sudden death sent shock waves in the Congress, with former president Pranab Mukherjee expressing shock over his untimely demise.
7. Liu Xiang sets record in 50m backstroke swimming in Asian Games 2018:-
- Chinese Swimmer Liu Xiang set the new World record 50m backstroke in the Asian Games 2018 and won gold.
- The record was set by the Chinese Swimmer Zhao Jing with a mark of 27.06 in 2009 World Championships in Rome. The 21-year-old smashed the 9-year record by securing 26.98 seconds.
8. Chandrayaan-I data confirms the presence of ice on Moon: NASA:-
- The NASA scientists, using data from the Chandrayaan-I spacecraft, on August 21, 2018, confirmed that there are frozen water deposits in the darkest and coolest parts of Moon’s Polar Regions.
- The findings were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
- Scientists have directly observed definitive evidence of water ice in the darkest and coldest parts of Polar Regions of the Moon.
- At the southern pole, most of the ice is concentrated at lunar craters, while the north pole’s ice is more widely and lightly spread.