Current Affairs of July 24, 2018, are as follows:-
1. Pakistan gets its first woman Chief Justice of High Court:-
- Justice Tahira Safdar was named as the Chief Justice of the Balochistan High Court by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar.
- Justice Safdar will take charge of her new role following the retirement of incumbent Balochistan High Court Chief Justice Mohammad Noor Muskanzai.
- Justice Safdar had made history in 1982 when she became the first woman civil judge in Balochistan.
- She is currently a member of the three-judge special court conducting the trial of former President Pervez Musharraf.
2. Iran becomes India's second largest oil supplier:-
- Iran has overtaken Saudi Arabia to be the second largest supplier of crude oil to Indian public sector firms during the April-June quarter. Iraq remains India's No:1 supplier of crude.
- State firms that buy oil from Iran include Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL), Indian Oil Corp (IOC) and Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd (HPCL).
- New Delhi shipped in 7.27 million tonnes of oil from Iraq, while shipments from Saudi Arabia totaled 5.22 million tonnes.
3. Bihar starts the online transfer of diesel subsidy to farmers:-
- Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar launched the online transfer of diesel subsidy directly into the bank accounts of farmers in the state.
- Registered farmers would now directly get a payment of diesel subsidy into their bank accounts.
- Farmers will be registered for once in order to avail the benefits of other schemes.
- Earlier, it used to take three months for farmers to get the money of diesel subsidy but with the launch of an online payment system, farmers would now be able to get the diesel subsidy within 25 days.
4. India has become a popular hub of medical tourism:-
- India has become a popular hub of medical tourism, attracting a large number of foreign patients every year. The reason behind such happening is a rare combination of advanced facilities, skilled doctors, and low cost of treatment.
- India currently has around 18% of the global medical tourism market. It has been estimated that by 2020, it could be worth $9 billion, and account for 20% of the global market share.
- Minister of State for Tourism, K.J. Alphons said that around 4.95 lakh medical visitors have made their trip to India in 2017.
- He also said that in curative care, India was the preferred destination for cardiology, orthopedics, transplants, and ophthalmology. India also enjoyed high credibility in wellness, preventive, and alternative medicine.
5. Ramachandra Guha pens 'the most ambitious book' on Gandhi:-
- Renowned historian and author of the highly acclaimed "India After Gandhi" and "India Before Gandhi", Ramachandra Guha has penned a new book on Mahatma Gandhi.
- Called as the most definitive new biography of Gandhi, the book is titled "Gandhi: the years that changed the world (1914-1948)" and will be published by Penguin Random House India.
- The book will not only tell the story of Gandhi's life, from his departure from South Africa to his dramatic assassination in 1948, but also the history of our freedom movement and its many strands.
- The book will also include new readings of his arguments with B.R. Ambedkar, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and Subhas Chandra Bose, among others.
6. India extended Rs. 1,378 crore Lines of Credit to Rwanda:-
- PM Narendra Modi and Rwanda's President Paul Kagame signed agreements on industrial and agricultural development. PM Modi is the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Rwanda and also announced that India will soon open its mission in Rwanda.
- India extended two lines of credit - one of $100 million for development of industrial parks and Kigali special economic zone (SEZ) in Rwanda and another one for $100 million for agriculture.
7. Rakesh Sharma is appointed as CCO of Bajaj Auto Ltd.:-
- Bajaj Auto Ltd. has appointed Rakesh Sharma as its first Chief Commercial Officer (CCO). Rajiv Bajaj, Bajaj Auto MD, said that the post of CCO was created to complement the offices of the Executive Director (ED) and Chief Technology Officer (CTO) and informed all heads of departments to report to the CCO.
- He also said that the CCO would be responsible for product harmonization leading to ‘one world, one product’ marketing synergies, creating ‘one brand, one position,’ customer focus resulting in ‘one company, one quality’ and corporate alignment facilitating ‘one stakeholder, one message.
8. Lok Sabha passed NCTE (Amendment) Bill;-
- The Lok Sabha passed the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill to post-facto approval to Central/State institutions that are conducting teacher education courses without NCTE approval.
- HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar said that it has been done as a one-time measure to ensure the benefit of the students who have appeared for B.Ed, M.Ed and various other exams in institutes that are not recognized.
- He also said that there are also plans to start an integrated four-year B.A.-B.Ed, B.Sc.-B.Ed and B.Com-B.Ed courses to benefit the students.