Current Affairs of May 16, 2018, are as follows:-
1. Sulabh International founder Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak honored with Nikkei Asia Prize:-
- The founder of Sulabh International, Bindeshwar Pathak was honoured with the Nikkei Asia Prize in Japan for his contribution to Asia’s development.
- Pathak was described as Indian social reformer tackling two of his country’s biggest challenges — poor hygiene and discrimination. He was among three who were conferred with this award.
- Nikkei Asia Prize honors people in Asia who have made significant contributions in one of the three areas: Economic and Business Innovation; Science and Technology and Environment; and Culture and Community.
2. WHO publishes its first Essential Diagnostics List:-
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) on May 15, 2018, published its first 'Essential Diagnostics List', which is a catalog of tests needed to diagnose the most common conditions along with a number of global priority diseases.
The list aims to address people's inability to access diagnostic services, which results in them failing to receive the correct treatment.
Speaking on the same, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that an accurate diagnosis is the first step to getting effective treatment. “No one should suffer or die because of lack of diagnostic services, or because the right tests were not available,” he added.
The list provides an essential package that can form the basis for screening and management of patients.
According to WHO, an estimated 46 percent of adults with Type 2 diabetes worldwide were undiagnosed, risking serious health complications and higher health costs.
WHO stated that late diagnosis of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis increases the risk of their spread and makes them more difficult to treat.
3. IIM-Ahmedabad Launches Bharat Inclusive Initiative:-
- IIM-Ahmedabad’s Centre for Innovation, Incubation, and Entrepreneurship (CIIE) launched a Bharat Inclusion Initiative to build knowledge and foster innovation and entrepreneurial activity across areas such as financial inclusion, livelihood, education, and health.
- CIIE at IIM Ahmedabad helps entrepreneurs turn ideas into viable businesses.
- The initiative will aim at channelizing approximately $25 million over the next 3-4 years towards backing game-changing start-ups leveraging the ongoing digital transformation in India, to create access to services that were hitherto inaccessible for a large segment of Indians.
4. Shashank Manohar re-elected as Chairman of International Cricket Council:-
- Shashank Manohar was re-elected as the Independent Chairman of the International Cricket Council (ICC) for his second term.
- He was the sole nominee for the post and was nominated by the ICC Board itself.
- During his tenure of two years, he led significant reforms in cricket, reversing the resolutions of 2014.
- He was the one who introduced a revised governance structure, including the appointment of the ICC's first independent female director. Following which, Indra Nooyi was appointed as the first independent female Director of ICC.
5. President inaugurates Integrated Centre for Crisis Management for CBRN emergencies at BARC:-
- President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated Integrated Centre for Crisis Management (ICCM) at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- The ICCM will help the nation to respond more effectively to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) emergencies.
- It will monitor radiological data from a network of 504 radiation sensors across the country.
6. Union Environment Ministry launches Green Skill Development Programme:-
- The Union Environment Ministry on May 15, 2018, launched the Green Skill Development Programme (GSDP) with an aim to train over 5.5 lakh workers in environment and forest sectors in the country.
- The Green Skill Development Programme was initially launched in 2017 as a pilot project in 10 districts only wherein 154 youths, mainly school dropouts were trained as parataxonomists and biodiversity conservationists.
- However, the programme is now launched on a large scale. Around 80000 youths will be trained at 80 institutions in a time frame of one year.
7. 4th meeting of SAWEN held in Kolkata, India:-
- The fourth meeting of South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN), an inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement agency, was held in Kolkata, West Bengal (India) from May 8-10, 2018.
- It was the first meeting of SAWEN in India since its inception in 2011.
- The two-day conference was attended by representatives of seven (excluding Pakistan) out of eight member countries - Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
8. India Released Grant Of NRs 18.07 Crore To Nepal For River Training:-
- India released a grant of Nepalese Rupees (NRs) 18.07 crore for river training and construction of embankments along Lalbakeya, Bagmati and Kamla rivers in Nepal.
- Indian Ambassador to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri handed over a cheque of the grant to Dr. Sanjay Sharma, Secretary Ministry of Energy, Irrigation & Water Resources, Nepal in Kathmandu.
- The river training and embankment work in the Lalbakeya, Bagmati and Kamla rivers in Nepal aimed at flood control and water resources management, which benefit several million people inhabiting in the watershed of these rivers in India and Nepal.
9. Guatemala moves the embassy to Jerusalem:-
- Guatemala on May 16, 2018, opened its new embassy in Jerusalem, becoming the second country to do so after the United States, which made the move two days earlier.
- The move gives Israel a diplomatic boost even as it faces international criticism for the deadly violence on the Gaza border.
- Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said it was fitting since Guatemala also followed the US to be the second country to recognize Israel 70 years ago.
10. Foxconn Unit Writes Off Another $40 Million In Snapdeal Investment:-
- FIH Mobile, the investment subsidiary of Foxconn Technology Group, the world’s largest contract manufacturing giant, has written off an additional $40 million of its $200 million bet on Gurgaon-based online marketplace Snapdeal.
- The latest write-down comes about nine months after the Hong Kong-listed unit of the Apple iPhone manufacturer announced that it had undertaken an impairment loss of $160 million.
- In its 2017 annual report, FIH Mobile stated the company had come to the view that its entire $200 million investment in Jasper Infotech, first announced in September 2015, cannot be recovered.