Current Affairs of 13 August are followed as:-
1. Iran unveils new short-range ballistic missile:-
- Iran's Defence Minister unveiled the next generation of Tehran's Fateh Mobin short-range ballistic missile on August 13, 2018.
- The minister, Brigadier General Amir Hatami, described the new version of the Fateh Mobin as 100-percent domestically made, agile, stealth, tactical and precision-guided.
- Iran's missile programme is a major bone of contention with world powers, particularly the United States, but is seen as vital by Iran to its defensive posture in a troubled region.
2. World Bank to issue world's first blockchain bond:-
- The World Bank has mandated the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA) to issue the world’s first blockchain-based bond.
- The Kangaroo bond, referring to foreign bonds issued in Australia in the local currency, has been named bond-i, an acronym standing for Blockchain Offered New Debt Instrument. (It's also a reference to Bondi Beach, an iconic spot in Sydney.)
3. NASA launches Parker Solar Probe mission to study Sun’s corona:-
- US space agency NASA launched Parker Solar Probe, a historic mission to touch the sun. The main aim of the mission is to send a satellite closer to the Sun than any before.
- The rocket carrying the solar probe lifted off from Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, US.
- The mission is named after astrophysicist Eugene Parker, 91, the physicist who first theorised the existence of the solar wind in 1958.
- It is the first spacecraft to be named after a living person. A plaque dedicating the mission to Parker was attached to the spacecraft in May. It includes a quote from the renowned physicist – “Let’s see what lies ahead.”
4. Haryana Government to launch Ayushman Bharat scheme on Aug 15:-
- The main aim of the scheme to provide cashless healthcare facilities to beneficiaries at empanelled hospitals.
- The scheme would be initially implemented on a pilot basis in one government hospital in each of the 22 districts, one ESI hospital and one medical college.
- Under the scheme, families identified by the Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) would be provided with coverage of Rs 5 lakh.
5. North and South Korea agree to hold their third summit in Pyongyang:-
- North and South Korea have agreed to hold their third summit in Pyongyang, in September 2018.
- The agreement was reached during the high-level talks that were held August 13, 2018, in the de-militarised zone that divides the peninsula.
- The summit if held will mark the third of its kind meeting between South Korean President Moon Jae-in and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un following their face-to-face meetings in April and May
6. Israel Opened Visa Application Centre In Kolkata:-
- Israel recently announced a reduction in visa fees to INR 1,100 rupees from its previous 1,700 charged from Indians.
- India recorded a half-yearly growth of 82 per cent as compared to the same period in 2015 and has become one of the best-performing markets in Asia for Israel.
7. Indian Railways to stop free travel insurance from September 1:-
- Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has decided to stop free travel insurance starting September 1 and "free insurance will be optional".
- The insurance provided by the IRCTC had a maximum cover of Rs. 10 lakh in case of a person's death during a train journey, Rs. 7.5 lakh if a person is disabled due to an accident, Rs. 2 lakh if injured and Rs. 10,000 for transportation of mortal remains.
8. International Youth Day and World Elephant Day observed on August 12:-
- The theme for International Youth Day (IYD) 2018 is - 'Safe Spaces for Youth'. The first International Youth Day was observed on 12 August 2000.
- Two Canadian filmmakers Michael Clark and Patricia Sims, as well as Sivaporn Dardarananda, the Secretary-General of Thailand’s Elephant Reintroduction Foundation, created the World Elephant Day in 2011, and it was held on August 12, 2012.