Current Affairs of 04 & 05 November are as follows:-
1. Odisha Government launches Saura Jalnidhi scheme:-
- Odisha Government launched Saura Jalnidhi scheme to encourage the use of solar energy in irrigation by farmers.
- Under this scheme, farmers will be given 90 per cent subsidy and 5000 solar pumps. This will provide irrigation benefits in 2500 acres of the state.
- The beneficiary of this scheme will be farmers who have valid farmer identity cards and have minimum 0.5 acres of agricultural land.
- The scheme aims to increase the use of solar photovoltaic pump sets in those areas so that irrigation facilities can be provided where the power system is bad.
- For this scheme, the state government has made a provision of Rs 27.18 crore in the financial year 2017-18.
2. On November 05th, World Tsunami Awareness Day being is observed:-
- In December 2015, the UN General Assembly designated 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day. Over the past 100 years, 58 tsunamis have claimed more than 260,000 lives, which is the highest number of deaths than in any other natural hazard.
3. IIT-Madras develops India’s first microprocessor ‘Shakti’:-
- The researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) have designed India’s first indigenous microprocessor, which will reduce dependency on imported microchips and the risk of cyber attacks.
- The microprocessor called ‘Shakti’ was designed, developed and booted by IIT Madras with a microchip fabricated in the Semi-Conductor Laboratory of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) at Chandigarh. It has been developed at an outlay of about Rs 11 crore.
4. 3rd Ayurveda Day observed across India:-
- The Ayurveda Day was observed across India on November 5, 201,8 on the occasion of the Dhanawantari Jayanti or Dhanteras with an aim to further promote Ayurveda as the mainstream system of medicine
- The theme of the 3rd Ayurveda Day was “Ayurveda for Public health”. Every year, the Ministry of AYUSH observes Ayurveda Day on the occasion of Dhanawantari Jayanti (Dhanteras)
- Ayurveda is perceived as one of the well documented systems of medicine, equally relevant in modern times. Prevention of disease and promotion of health is the main aim of Ayurveda.
- Lord Dhanvantari is considered as the divine propagator of Ayurveda. He holds the virtues of granting health and wealth.
5. Researchers say Coconut oil is a bug repellent:-
- Researchers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture compounds derived from coconut oil are better than diethyltoluamide (DEET) at preventing disease transmission and discomfort associated with insect bites.
- DEET has been considered the gold standard in insect repellents, the most effective and long-lasting available commercially, for more than 60 years. However, increasing regulations and growing public health concerns about synthetic repellents and insecticides like DEET have sparked interest in developing plant-based repellents that are more effective and longer lasting.
- The coconut oil-derived free fatty acid mixture, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid as well as their corresponding methyl esters, provides strong repellency against blood-sucking insects.
6. Google doodle honours Michael Dertouzos, who predicted the impact of the Internet:-
- Google Doodle paid tribute to computer scientist Michael Dertouzos on his 82nd birth anniversary.
- The doodle shows Dertouzos with a chalk in his hand, facing away from a blackboard. This picture is flanked by a few other small pictures of computers and the internet.
- He foresaw how the internet would impact the lives of everyday people and even predicted the popularity of personal computers.
- Michael Leonidas Dertouzos was a Greek professor in the departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science from 1974 to 2001.
- He helped to maximise the potential of computers at MIT.
7. Indian Navy to recruit women sailors for the first time:-
- For the first time ever, the Indian Navy is looking at recruiting women in the rank of sailors. The matter was discussed at the three-day Naval Commanders Conference that concluded on 2nd November 2018.
- Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, while addressing the conference urged the Navy to give impetus to the enrolment of women. To this, Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba confirmed that enrolment of women in the sailor rank was one of the agendas of the conference.
8. World's largest supercomputer 'SpiNNaker' switched on for the first time:-
- The world's largest neuromorphic supercomputer SpiNNaker (‘Spiking Neural Network Architecture’ machine), which was designed and built to work like a human brain, has been switched on for the first time.
- Made up of one million processors, SpiNNaker can complete over 200 million-million actions per second. The supercomputer will help scientists better understand how neurological diseases like Parkinson's impact on the brain.
9. RBI initiates process to set up digital Public Credit Registry:-
- The Reserve Bank of India has initiated the process to set up a digital Public Credit Registry to capture all the details of borrowers, including wilful defaulters and also the pending legal suits in order to check financial delinquencies.
- The public credit registry will also include data from entities like market regulator SEBI, the corporate affairs ministry, Goods and Service Tax Network and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India to enable the banks and financial institutions to get a 360-degree profile of existing and prospective borrowers on a real-time basis.
10. Nagaland records highest school dropouts in India:-
- As per the survey conducted by the World Bank, the student dropout rate in Nagaland's upper primary (VI-VIII) and the secondary (IX-X) class stood at 17.7 per cent and 35.1 per cent respectively. The student dropout rate in Nagaland's primary schools, in Grades I-V, stood at 19.4%, four times above the national average of 4.3%, making it the state with highest school dropout rate in the country.
- This data was presented by Community Avenue Network (CAN) Youth of Nagaland Chief Functionary Jenpu Rongmei during the launching programme of "My Scholarship Foundation" at Tourist Lodge in Dimapur.
11. India ranked 12th globally in web-borne threats Kaspersky Lab:-
- Kaspersky Lab products detected 48,093,743 Internet-borne malware incidents on computers of KSN participants in India.
- Regarding vulnerabilities in browsers and their plugins (drive-by download), infection happened when visiting an infected website, without any intervention from the user and without their knowledge.
- This is the most used method by cybercriminals for this kind of attacks. During July-September 2018, Kaspersky Lab products detected 68,405,291 local malware incidents on computers of KSN participants in India.
12. U.K. unveiled sculpture to honour Indian soldiers:-
- A sculpture in honour of Indian soldiers who fought during World War I was unveiled in the town of Smethwick in the West Midlands region of England.
- Guru Nanak Gurdwara Smethwick had commissioned the Lions of the Great War monument, which depicts a turbaned Sikh soldier, to honour the sacrifices made by millions of South Asian service personnel of all faiths who fought for Britain in the world wars and other conflicts as part of the British Indian Army.
- The 10-foot bronze statue was unveiled in Smethwick High Street to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the end of the World War I in November 1918, also referred to as the Great War. The monument was part of a collaboration between the gurdwara and the local Sandwell Council.