Current Affairs of June 28, 2018, are as follows:-
1. Oxytocin ban to come into effect in India from 1st July:-
- The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India has banned the manufacture of Oxytocin for domestic use from 1st July 2018 as it has been misused widespread in the dairy industry.
- Oxytocin is a hormone that occurs naturally to cause uterine contractions during labor and lactation.
- In dairy industries, livestock is injected with oxytocin to make them release milk at a time convenient for the farmers. It is also used in vegetables to increase their size.
2. The US postpones ‘2 plus 2 dialogue' with India:-
- The United States has postponed the ‘2 plus 2 dialogue' with India scheduled to be held in Washington next week.
- US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo spoke to External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and expressed his regret and deep disappointment for having to postpone the dialogue due to unavoidable reasons.
- Both the leaders agreed to identify new mutually convenient dates to hold the dialogue at the earliest, in India or in the US.
3. Venkaiah Naidu to inaugurate new State Cancer Institute Block at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology:-
- Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu will inaugurate the new State Cancer Institute Block at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
- Naidu will also dedicate to the nation the new linear accelerators installed in the Institute with financial assistance from the Central Government.
- The new facility will cut short the waiting period for patients undergoing radiotherapy.
4. Uttarakhand court sets a limit for loudspeakers:-
- The Uttarakhand High Court has ordered the state government to set the limit of loudspeakers at 5 dB(A).
- The court also disallowed any person or organization, including religious bodies, from using loudspeakers without written permission and submitting an undertaking that the new level wouldn't exceed 5 dB(A).
5. Emergency declared in Papua New Guinea over Polio outbreak:-
- A public health emergency has been declared in three Papua New Guinea (PNG) provinces as the country responds to its first polio outbreak in 18 years when it was declared free of the disease.
- As per the Health Ministry report, at least three provinces Morobe, Madang and the Eastern Highlands confirmed the outbreak of the potentially deadly virus.
- As per the World Health Organisation (WHO), the virus was detected in a six-year-old boy in April this year. Later, it was found that the same virus strain has been identified in other healthy children in the same locality and community. That declared an official outbreak.
- According to the WHO, Polio has no cure and can lead to irreversible paralysis. Polio mainly affects children who are under five. It can only be prevented by giving multiple vaccine doses to children.
6. Law & Justice Ministry organizes a meeting on the functioning of LIMBS:-
- Law and Justice Ministry organized a joint secretary level meeting on the functioning of a web-based tool, Legal Information Management and Briefing System (LIMBS) in New Delhi.
- The nodal officers from the various Ministries participated in the event.
- LIMBS has been successfully implemented in all the 62 Ministries and has the database of over 2.70 lakh court cases from 2100 courts and 1065 arbitration cases.
- This web-based online platform will be quite useful in monitoring and be tracking various court cases of all the Ministries.
7. Summit between Trump and Putin to be held in third country:-
- The US and Russia have reached an agreement to hold the summit between US President Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in a "third country", at a date to be announced .
8. Rupee falls to all-time low of 69.09 against US dollar:-
- The rupee hit the all-time low of 69.09 against the US dollar on June 28, 2018, falling past 69 marks for the first time ever. The previous record low of rupee was 68.86 on November 24, 2016.
- The rupee opened at an all-time low of 68.89 against the US Dollar. On June 27, 2018, it ended at 68.63, the worst ever closing since August 28, 2013, when it hit a record closing low of 68.82.
- The fall can be attributed to the week-long rise in the crude prices amid concerns of higher inflation and current account deficit.
9. EDF and GE sign deal to build 6 nuclear reactors for India:-
- French state-run power utility EDF and American conglomerate General Electric (GE) have signed to build 6 EPR (European Pressurized Reactors) nuclear reactors with capacity 1,650 megawatts (MW) at Jaitapur nuclear plant in Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra.
- This agreement would make Jaitapur power plant the world’s largest nuclear power generating station by net electrical power rating. It will also help the Union Government to achieve its ambitious target of 22,480 MW nuclear power generation capacity by 2031.
10. U S has threatened to impose sanctions against Turkey:-
- The US has threatened to impose sanctions against Turkey if it purchases S-400 missile systems from Russia.
- US Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs Wess Mitchell warned the purchase will also affect Turkey's deal with the US to buy the F-35 fighter jets.